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Transgender or trans is an umbrella term covering all gender identities or expressions that transgress or transcend society's rules and concepts of gender. To be trans usually means to identify as a gender other than the gender one was assigned at birth, such as being female while being assigned male at birth. The category of transgender includes people who have the binary gender identities of female (transgender women) or male (transgender men), and is often framed solely in binary terms. However, this is not true. The transgender umbrella does include people with nonbinary gender identities, but not all nonbinary people consider themselves as transgender.
Some people consider themselves transsexual instead of (or in addition to) transgender. Transsexual is an older word that is nowadays considered offensive by some in the trans community. When "transsexual" is used, it means a trans person who has undergone or wants to undergo a medical transition through surgery and/or hormone therapy.
In general, "trans"/"transgender"/"transsexual" should not be counted as a gender/gender identity. For example, a trans woman's gender is properly "woman", not "trans". However, some people do consider "trans" to be their gender, such as the writer Juno Roche and the sexologist Esben Esther Pirelli Benestad.
A transgender flag created by Michelle Lindsay, and used for some events in the the Ottawa-Gatineau region of Canada since 2010.
- This quote is a snippet from an answer to the survey conducted in the year 2018. Note for editors: the text of the quote, as well as the name, age and gender identity of its author shouldn't be changed.
- Nissim, Mayer (19 March 2018). "What should you call trans people?". PinkNews. Archived from the original on 17 July 2023. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
- Abrams, Mere (21 November 2019). "What's the Difference Between Being Transgender and Transsexual?". Healthline. Archived from the original on 17 July 2023. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
- Young, Randy (24 May 2020). "Transgendered flags". Flags of the World.
- "Transgender Flag info". Archived from the original on 2 September 2018.
- "The History of the Transgender Flag". Point 5cc. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
- TRANScending Identities: A Bibliography of Resources on Transgender and Intersex Topics
- Digital Transgender Archive
- Girshick, Lori B. Transgender Voices: Beyond Women and Men. Hanover: University Press of New England, 2008. Print.
- Stryker, Susan. Transgender History. Berkeley, CA: Seal Press, 2008. Print.
- Stryker, Susan, and Stephen Whittle. The Transgender Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 2006. Print.