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    Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: political, economic, personal, and social equality for people of all sexes and genders. Feminist movements mainly campaign for women's rights, including the right to vote, to hold public office, to work, to earn fair wages or equal pay, to own property, to receive education, to enter contracts, to have equal rights within marriage, and to have maternity leave. Feminists have also worked to ensure access to legal abortions and social integration, and to protect everyone from rape, sexual harassment, and domestic violence. Changes in dress and acceptable physical activity have often been part of feminist movements.

    Some scholars consider feminist campaigns to be a main force behind major historical societal changes for women's rights, particularly in the West, where they are near-universally credited with achieving women's suffrage, gender neutrality in English, reproductive rights for women (including access to contraceptives and abortion), and the right to enter into contracts and own property. Feminism also works for men's liberation, because men are also harmed by traditional gender roles.

    Because this isn't Wikipedia, this article should focus on feminism in relation to nonbinary people.

    Trans-feminism[edit | edit source]

    Trans-feminism is a form of intersectional feminism that seeks to understand how transgender people, especially trans women, are affected by sexism, and to fight for their legal and social rights.

    The Transfeminist Manifesto, written by Emi Koyama, states two primary principles of transfeminism:

    « First, it is our belief that each individual has the right to define his or her own identities and to expect society to respect them. This also includes the right to express our gender without fear of discrimination or violence. Second, we hold that we have the sole right to make decisions regarding our own bodies, and that no political, medical or religious authority shall violate the integrity of our bodies against our will or impede our decisions regarding what we do with them.[1] »

    Non-binary feminism[edit | edit source]

    Non-binary feminism also known as enbyfeminism[2] , is a subset of transfeminism that focuses on the unique experiences and challenges faced by non-binary individuals within the context of gender oppression. While it shares common goals with transfeminism, such as the dismantling of misogyny and cisnormativity, non-binary feminism specifically centers on the experiences, identities and struggles of those who do not exclusively identify as male or female. A central concept within non-binary feminism is enbymisogyny which is defined the intersection of misogyny and enbyphobia directed at individuals who are societally categorized as women or girls but identify as non-binary.

    Non-binary feminism seeks to challenge misogyny and binary understandings of gender and dismantle the systemic barriers that limit the inclusion and recognition of woman-classed non-binary individuals within feminist discourse, activism and broader society.

    Transgender-exclusionary feminists[edit | edit source]

    See main section about transgender-exclusionary feminists in cissexism.

    Transgender-exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs) are a biological essentialist subsect of feminism. They don’t believe that the construct of gender exists, they believe that the sex assigned at birth is what determines your position in the patriarchy . They are known for their vitriol and violence against trans women. First advocated by second-wave feminists such as Germaine Greer[3], this outlook is largely seen as harmful to the transgender community.

    TERFs are known mostly for advocating and enacting violence against specifically trans women. Because they view trans women as men, they see them as a violent threat to women. This vitriol doesn't always extend to trans men, who they view as "lost women" who are seeking refuge in manhood from misogyny. TERFs also do not support nonbinary or genderqueer people's identities.[4]

    Xenofeminism[edit | edit source]

    Xenofeminism is a feminist framework introduced by the Laboria Cuboniks collective in their 2015 manifesto The Xenofeminist Manifesto: A Politics for Alienation. Xenofeminism posits that gendered oppression can be defeated by abandoning the "laws of nature" and using technology (such as surgery, hormone therapy, biohacking, etc.) to help marginalized people.[5][6]

    See also[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. Koyama, Emi (26 July 2001). "The Transfeminist Manifesto" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2023.
    2. https://archive.is/hkzUK
    3. [False "Greer's Folly"] Check |archive-url= value (help). Press for Change. 28 June 1997. Archived from the original on 17 July 2023. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
    4. Young, Eris. They/Them/Their: A Guide to Nonbinary and Genderqueer Identities (2019). page 100.
    5. Dhillon, Dharmender S. (2020). "Xenofeminism by Helen Hester". Philosophy Now. Archived from the original on 17 July 2023. Retrieved 3 May 2023.
    6. Holleb, Morgan Leb Edward (2019). The A-Z of Gender and Sexuality: From Ace to Ze. p. 310.

    Further reading[edit | edit source]