Agénero

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This page is a translated version of the page Agender and the translation is 50% complete.
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Agender/es-formal


« Yo descubrí las identidades no-binarias el año pasado, cuando tenía 18 años. Cuando leí la definición de "agénero", simplemente todo encajó. »
Jay, 19 (Agénero)[1]

"Agénero" también se llama "generoblanco", "generolibre", "singenero", "vaciogenero", "no-genero", o "nulogenero". Agénero es una identidad clasificada bajo el paraguas de las identidades no-binaria y transgénero. Los individuos agénero o bien no hallan en sí una identidad de género, o bien definen esto como tener una identidad de género neutral.

AVISO: Muchos de los géneros nombrados arriba son basados en traducciones imprecisos. Si encuentras nombres de estos géneros más precisos, por favor cámbialos.

Historia

Un artículo de 1997 en la revista: "International Journal of Transgenderism" describía "un individuo de cualquier sexo biológico puede autorreferirse como una persona carente de género, de modo que no se identifica con ninguno de los géneros convencionalmente establecidos."

A 2000 post on Usenet described the Christian God as agender. In 2005, another Usenet user wrote that "cultures can have transgender, agender, and hypergender individuals."[2]

"Non-gendered", "genderless", and "agender" were mentioned in a list of valid nonbinary identities in the 2013 text Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide.[3]

Tumblr user transrants (also known as Salem X or "Ska") created the agender flag in 2014.

In 2014, agender was one of the 56 genders made available on Facebook.[4]

In 2015, Dictionary.com added an entry for "agender,"[5] which it defined as "a person who does not have a specific gender identity or recognizable gender expression."[6]

On March 10 2017, a resident of Portland, Oregon, USA requested in court to be legally agender, and the request was approved.[7]

A 2018 survey of "Attitudes to Gender", ran by the Britain-based "Future of Legal Gender" project, asked people if they agree or disagree with the statement "More people will identify as agender (not having a gender) in the future." 32.4% selected "agree" and 13.7% selected "strongly agree". 20.6% selected "neither agree nor disagree" and 19.7% "don't know", compared to a mere 6.6% "disagree" and 7% "strongly disagree". (71% of nonbinary respondents agreed or strongly agreed.)[8]

Agénero como identidad de género o como ausencia de identidad de género

Algunas personas agénero sienten que carecen de identidad de género, mientras que otros sienten que ser agénero es en sí una identidad. Esto puede ser similar, o intercalarse, con la experiencia de ser de género neutro.

Puesto que algunos individuos agénero no poseen una identidad de género, es importante no hablar de las experiencias de los transgénero o los no-binarios únicamente "únicamente" en tanto experiencias de identidad de género.

Diferencia entre "sin-género" y "neutrois"

Hay escaso consenso entre la diferencia entre términos como "agénero", "sin-género", "no-género", "género neutro" y "neutrois". Estos términos son usados habitualmente de modo intercambiable, o definidos particularmente por los individuos en maneras en que no necesariamente coinciden con las autodefiniciones de otros individuos que emplean esos mismos términos.

Suele decirse que el no-género o la ausencia de un género es la experiencia de no poseer identidad de género cualquiera, mientras que ser de género neutral o neutrois es la experiencia de "poseer" una identidad de género caracterizada por la pura neutralidad, absuelta de las categorías de varón o mujer. Ahora bien, estas afirmaciones no coinciden con las experiencias de todo individuo que se haya identificado de ese modo. Esto es un resultado del disenso entre las definiciones "prescriptivistas" de los términos (defender cómo debería emplearse una palabra, lo cual implica que muchos la han usado mal) o "descriptivistas" (denotar cómo las personas han usado de hecho una palabra, sin pretensiones de hacerlo cambiar).

No-género como término omniabarcante

Algunos activistas, como Christie Elan-Cane, emplean el término "non-gendered" (aproximadamente, no-género) para referirse a todos los géneros situados fuera del binario tradicional. Este uso precede incluso al término "no-binario" varios años, y no está exento de problemas: muchos lo tildan de problemático porque carga la idea de que las identidades no-binarias no existen realmente, o que todas las personas no-binarias carecen de género. Con todo, este término está en los documentos oficiales de ciertas organizaciones importantes como el único que cubre todo el espectro del no-binario. Comúnmente ocurre en Reino Unido, por ejemplo, en el Plan de Acción del Gobierno Británico sobre las Personas Transgénero.

Lista de las identidades agénero

Puede ser realmente difícil describir y nombrar una identidad de género que involucra la falta intrínseca de una identidad de género siquiera. De ese modo, ciertas personas consideran la necesidad de construir nuevos nombres para esta misma identidad, o para distinguir entre distintas pero similares identidades basadas en la ausencia de género.

anongender. "A gender that is unknown to you and others".[9]

apogender. Coined by queerspike. "Greek prefix apo, meaning away from, separate, at the farthest point; a subset of agender in which you feel not only genderless but entirely removed from the concept of gender."[10]

agenderfluid. Coined by pleurocarpus. Basically agender, but also genderfluid. Synonym cancegender.[11]

agenderflux. Coined by perfectlybrokenbones. "Where you identify as agender but have fluctuations where you feel feminine or masculine but not male or female. ".[12]

cancegender. coined by prideful-concerto. "An individual is agender as their “base” gender but experiences fluid/fluxing gender feelings in tandem with their emotions. These gender feelings may confuse or upset the individual and cause their emotional state to go haywire, which causes more gender changes."[13] Synonym agenderfluid.

genderblank. As described by Damloz: Having no gender.[14] Also, as described by anonymous: "a gender so indescribable that the only thought one gets when trying to describe it is a blank space"[15]

genderfree. As described by polyamaesthetic, "someone whose gender is not present; someone who feels their gender is insignificant or irrelevant; someone whose gender is kind of ambiguous, but definitely queer; someone whose gender feels blurry, cloudy, whimsical, and free"[16] Caution: sometimes used by trangender-exclusionary feminists to identify themself as someone who rejects the concept of gender identity.[17][18]

gendernull. As described by Baaphomett, "A gender like gendervoid but without the void."[19]

gendervoid. As described by Baaphomett, "A gender consisting of the void (also/originally used to mean the same thing as genderless)."[20]

librafluid. Coined by otterlyradical and pride-flags-for-us. "Mostly agender, but has a strong connection that fluctuates between masculinity and femininity."[21]

null gender. Coined by dieselwolfe. "Undefinable, intangible, the uncreation of gender. Its taking everything everyone throws at you, saying male, female, pick one, pick this, pick that, and taking it in, only to expel it, poisonous crystals erupting from your skin, armor against those who don’t listen. A 'I don’t want a label because labels don’t fit but they help shut people up sometimes, so here have a label' gender label. A fall-back plan, a red herring to give people who can’t conceptualize the absence, void, nullification of gender. It is, and is not. All and none. Nonexistant but present."[22]

oneirogender. Coined by anonymous. "Being agender, but having recurring fantasies or dreams of being a certain gender without the actual dysphoria or desire to actually be that gender day-to-day. e.g. oneiroboy, oneirogirl, oneirononbinary, etc."[23]

Personalidades notorias

Angel Haze en directo en el Øyafestivalen 2013.
Andre J. en Dick's Bar en East Village, Marzo del 2007.
Chanda Prescod-Weinstein en la charla Becoming Interplanetary de la Bibliotyeca del Congreso, 2018.

Ver artículo principal: Notable nonbinary people

Hay muchas más personas notables que se identifican fuera del género binario. Las siguientes son meramente algunas de ellas.

  • Christie Elan-Cane is a non-gendered activist based in the UK, "fighting for legal and social recognition outside the societal gender system".[24]
  • Tyler Ford (b. 1990) is an American writer and public speaker of mixed black and white Jewish ethnicity. Ford appeared as the first transgender contestant on The Glee Project in 2012. They are agender.[25]
  • Raeen Roes (Angel Haze) (b. 1991), a well known agender rapper. They have been nominated for awards with MTV, O Music Awards, BET Awards, and GLAAD Music Awards. They announced on Twitter that they were agender.[26] [27]
  • Public Universal Friend (1752 - 1819), an evangelist who preached against slavery in the early United States. The Friend was genderless and asked to be called by no pronouns at all.[28][29][30]
  • Andre J. (b. 1979) is an American party promoter who is a presence in the New York City fashion scene. They have been featured in photo spreads in French Vogue and V magazine. They are genderless[31][32] and agender.[33]
  • Amita Kuttner, PhD., is an astrophysicist who is in the race for leader of Canada's Green Party.[34]. They call themself nonbinary, genderfluid, and agender.[35]
  • Juno Mitchell is an American model. They walked alongside Miley Cyrus in the 2020 Marc Jacobs New York Fashion Week show.[36] Their Instagram profile says they are agender.[37]
  • Jinkx Monsoon (b. 1987) an American drag performer, actor, comedian and singer best known for winning the fifth season of RuPaul's Drag Race. In a Facebook post about transphobia and the drag scene, Monsoon said, "I, myself do not identify as cis-gendered. I am genderless."[38]
  • Chanda Prescod-Weinstein (b. 1982) is a cosmologist and science writer based at the University of New Hampshire. She was a founding member of the American Astronomical Society's Committee for Sexual Orientation and Gender Minorities in Astronomy. In an interview, she described herself as a femme agender cis-sex woman.[39]
  • DeAnne Smith is an award-winning Canadian-American comedian, writer and columnist. Smith is agender and transmasculine.[40]
  • Bogi Takács is a Jewish poet, writer, psycholinguist, editor, and translator who has written Torah-inspired work. They won the Lambda Literary Award for Best Transgender Fiction. Their Twitter bio says they are agender.[41]
  • Eris Young is a multi-genre writer known for their debut book They/Them/Their: A Guide to Nonbinary & Genderqueer Identities, published in fall 2019.[42][43] They are agender and genderqueer.[44]


Agender characters in fiction

See main article: Nonbinary gender in fiction

There are many more nonbinary characters in fiction who have a gender identity outside of the binary. The following are only some of those characters who are specifically called by the words "agender," "genderblank," "genderfree," "genderless," "gendervoid," "non-gendered," "null gender," or not having a gender, either in their canon, or by their creators.

  • “Ashiok” from the popular card game Magic: The Gathering is explicitly referred to as being nongendered. Though some depictions of the character include “he” as a pronoun, a lead designer from the company that makes the game has insisted on numerous occasions that the character is explicitly nongendered.[45] Even going so far as to write stories which avoid referring to Ashiok using gendered pronouns at all.[46] Ashiok's card can be found here.
  • Roswell, in the podcast The Adventure Zone, is an Earth Elemental made of living clay in a suit of armor, who talks via a small bird. Roswell is agender and uses they/them pronouns.[47]
  • Chaos Life by A. Stiffler and K. Copeland - A light-hearted, semi-autobiographical webcomic about the everyday idiosyncrasies of an agender person, their female partner, and their cats.
  • 6ses by Kagome is a comic that features an agender protagonist.
  • *Eri the Cyborg by Ren is a comic that features an agender protagonist.
  • Biaggio, in the movie "The Kings of Summer," asserts that he doesn't see himself as "having a gender."
  • In the video game NiGHTS into Dreams the character "NiGHTS is neutral, and therefore has no gender. The impressions of the character with regards to gender are totally up to the player" according to Takashi Iizuka, the lead designer of the game.[48]
  • Bone Dance by Emma Bull. Character: the protagonist, Sparrow, is canonically described as "sexless" and "genderless." The exact details of their identity are a matter of debate (spoilers).
  • The entire race of Chronicoms from Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. are vehemently agender, though they are a race of extraterrestrial androids. They use gendered pronouns based on their current form.

Ver también

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Enlaces externos

Referencias

  1. This quote is a snippet from an answer to the survey conducted in the year 2018. Note for editors: the text of the quote, as well as the name, age and gender identity of its author shouldn't be changed.
  2. "What Does It Mean to Be Agender?". them. 7 August 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2020. sj Miller
  3. Richards, Christina; Barker, Meg (2013). Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781446293133.
  4. Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
  5. "New words added to Dictionary.com." May 6, 2015. Dictionary.com. http://blog.dictionary.com/2015-new-words/
  6. "Agender." Dictionary.com. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/agender?s=t
  7. O'Hara, Mary Emily (23 March 2017). "Judge grants Oregon resident the right to be genderless". NBC News. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  8. "Survey Findings". The Future of Legal Gender. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  9. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/92806103824/anongender
  10. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/92022599474/genders-coined-by-queerspike
  11. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/93177924884/cancegender
  12. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/92999709954/agenderflux
  13. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/93177924884/cancegender
  14. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/92539003104/agender
  15. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/94743909934/genderblank
  16. https://polyamaesthetic.tumblr.com/post/183876471860/genderfree-flowers-genderfree-someone-whose
  17. Williams, Rachel Anne (25 April 2019). "Can You Actually Be #Genderfree?". Medium. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  18. https://terflies.tumblr.com/post/184414453101/heads-upgenderfree-is-the-new-gender-critical
  19. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/91736136744/masterpost-of-genders-coined-by-baaphomett
  20. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/91736136744/masterpost-of-genders-coined-by-baaphomett
  21. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/91929667279/librafluid
  22. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/91779169274/null-gender
  23. http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/92479134354/oneirogender
  24. http://elancane.livejournal.com/profile
  25. Childress, Sarah (30 June 2015). ""I Like to Exist as a Person": What It Means to Live Beyond Gender". FRONTLINE. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  26. "angxl hxze on Twitter", February 14, 2015
  27. "angxl hxze on Twitter", February 14, 2015
  28. Peg A. Lamphier, Rosanne Welch, Women in American History (2017), p. 331.
  29. Catherine A. Brekus, Strangers and Pilgrims: Female Preaching in America, 1740-1845 (2000), p. 85
  30. Juster & MacFarlane, A Mighty Baptism, pp. 27-28; Brekus, p. 85
  31. AlphaKitty (29 November 2007). "Andre J is glam, genderless &....an Alpha Kitty". YouTube. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  32. Wolfer, Alexis. "Andre J. : On Real Beauty". Archived from the original on February 18, 2011.
  33. Instagram bio, retrieved 17 May 2020
  34. Parsons, Vic (10 March 2020). "This astrophysicist could become the first non-binary person to lead a major political party in Canada". PinkNews. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  35. Kuttner, Amita (2019). "Identity in Politics". amitakuttner.ca. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  36. Lankston, Charlie (2 March 2020). "EXCLUSIVE: Genderless trans model who strutted the Marc Jacobs runway with Miley Cyrus opens up about their 'refreshing' heart-to-heart with the singer - while urging the industry to be more accepting of non-binary people". Daily Mail. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  37. Instagram bio accessed 1 June 2020
  38. [1],
  39. McNeill, Leila (9 May 2019). "Bonus: Talking Feminist Astrophysics with Chanda Prescod-Weinstein — Lady Science". Lady Science. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  40. TheMelbComedyFest (14 May 2017). "DeAnne Smith - Comedy Up Late 2017 (S5, E2)". YouTube. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  41. Twitter bio
  42. "On Writing and Growing: A Q&A with Eris Young". The Ampersand Project. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  43. Inglis, Becca (10 September 2019). "Eris Young on They/Them/Their: 'It's like a primer guide to being a non-binary person'". The List. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  44. @Young_E_H (10 February 2020). "I identify sometimes or partly as agender but also partly or sometimes as genderqueer!" – via Twitter.
  45. A Voice for Vorthos – Posts tagged with “Ashiok”, Retrieved 29th September 2014, Doug Beyer’s Blog – A Voice for Vorthos.
  46. A Voice for Vorthos – Ok so when are we going to learn more about the specifics about Ashiok? Ashiok is not in the first novel at all and nothing is depicted in the cards.', 7th May 2014, Doug Beyer’s Blog – A Voice for Vorthos.
  47. The Adventure Zone Wiki: Roswell
  48. Mike Taylor, "Interview: Takashi Iizuka Talks NiGHTS" December 5, 2007. Nintendo Life http://www.nintendolife.com/news/2007/12/interview_takashi_iizuka_talks_nights