Difference between revisions of "Gender binary"

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The '''gender binary''' is a model of gender that classifies all people into one of two genders. Under the binary model, gender is seen as a rigid binary option, like one or zero. The gender binary says there can be no more than two genders, with no "shades of grey" between the two. A person can only be one or other option, not both, neither or something between the two. The gender binary, as described, is largely a part of Western culture and thought. Many [[ethnicity and culture|cultures]] give recognition to a slightly or significantly different system of genders. They can have [[gender-variant identities worldwide|more (nonbinary) gender roles]], and flexibility for individuals who don't fit into one role. Western colonialism puts pressure on other cultures to conform to its own form of the gender binary. This form of [[ethnicity and culture#Racism and cultural discrimination|racist]] and [[sexism|sexist]] discrimination is called [[binarism]]. There are individuals whose gender identity doesn't fit within this gender binary, who don't fit strictly into the "female" box or the "male" box. They are [[nonbinary]]. The gender binary makes problems for nonbinary people in the forms of oppression and discrimination such as [[Nonbinary Erasure|nonbinary erasure]].
The '''gender binary''' is a model of gender that classifies all people into one of two genders. In terms of [[Gender Identity|gender identity]], the two binary options are [[man]] and [[woman]] (or for children, [[Man|boy]] and [[Woman|girl]]). In terms of [[Gender Expression|gender expression]], the two binary options are masculine and feminine.
 
Although the gender binary system is coercive and limiting, the [[binary genders]] themselves are valid identities.
Under the binary model, gender is seen as a rigid binary option, like one or zero. There may be no more than two genders; there are no 'shades of grey' between the two, one may only be one or other option, not both, neither or something between the two.
 
==History==
Individuals whose gender is something other than man or woman, masculine or feminine, do not fit within this gender binary and may identify as [[nonbinary]], [[Genderqueer|genderqueer]] or [[Transgender|transgender]]. The gender binary makes problems for nonbinary people in the forms of oppression and discrimination such as [[Binarism|binarism]] and [[nonbinary erasure]].
 
Throughout world history, most cultures have used a model of gender roles that include female and male, with similar definitions to those familiar to Westerners, and many cultures recognize(d) additional genders. However, the gender binary, with its strict limitation to only two genders, is not a constant throughout all cultures in history. It is a relatively new concept that had its basis in the European Christian Church. Earlier Abrahamic religions and European cultures recognized additional genders and [[sex|sexes]]. Western colonialism put pressure on cultures around the world to be like Western culture. One part of this was that Western colonialism made other cultures take up its model of the gender binary. Colonialists often had deadly penalties for people who didn't conform to it. This became a standard part of colonialist societies. This systematic form of oppression is called [[binarism]].
[[Category:Concepts]]
 
 
==See also==
*[[Binary genders]]
*[[Bigender]]
*[[Two-spirit]]
*[[LGBT]]
*[[Glossary of English gender and sex terminology]]
 
==External links==
* [[Wikipedia:gender binary|Wikipedia's Gender Binary article]]
 
==References==
<references/>
 
[[Category:Concepts]][[Category:Identities]]
{{imported from nonbinary.wiki| type = page|It is part of nonbinary.wiki's import of the original Nonbinary Wiki and is licensed under [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ CC BY 3.0].}}
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