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Facial surgeries are sought by some transgender and nonbinary individuals as part of their transition. When done on a transfeminine person, the procedures are also called Facial Feminization Surgery. These surgeries are also performed on cisgender men and women in some cases, in which case they may be called Facial Harmonization Surgery.
Even as young children, before being conscious of gender differences, people automatically categorize faces as male or female. This categorization is involuntary and occurs in a split second. Thus, facial surgery is a necessity for some transgender and nonbinary people who wish to pass as their gender.
Facial surgeries for gender transition may include having the hairline moved to create a smaller forehead, having the lips and cheekbones augmented, having the eyelids modified (blepharoplasty), having the nose reshaped (rhinoplasty), or having the jaw and chin reshaped and resized (mandibular angle reduction and genioplasty). Chondrolaryngoplasty (Adam's apple reduction) is sometimes also done as part of facial feminization surgeries, although it is a surgery on the neck rather than the face.
References[edit | edit source]
- FACIALTEAM. "FFS Surgery: Facial Gender & Facial Harmonization". Retrieved 10 September 2020.
- "Facial feminization surgery". Mayo Clinic. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 10 September 2020.