Demographics

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This page will ideally include information on the estimated numbers of nonbinary people worldwide as well as in specific regions. We also will try to have other demographic and statistical information when available.

Difficulties[edit | edit source]

Obtaining accurate numbers of nonbinary people is difficult due to many factors such as:

  • Many nonbinary people are not out, or for some other reason they are not comfortable reporting their gender identity on surveys.
  • Most large-scale population counts only allow for binary gender selections.
  • Depending on how the gender question is worded, nonbinary people may think it is asking for their legal gender or their sex assigned at birth.
  • Some people who technically come under the nonbinary umbrella term (people who have a gender that is not 100% always male/man or 100% always female/woman) may not identify as "nonbinary" or whichever term is being used in a particular survey. (For example, the country of Nepal's 2011 census allowed people to identify themselves as "Female", "Male", or "Third Gender", but many Nepalese people identify as "Methi" or "Kothi" rather than as "third gender".[1])

Worldwide[edit | edit source]

More information needed.

In the 2021 Gender Census, there were over 44,000 respondents.[2] However this is a limited set (e.g. mainly English-speaking people who use social media) and thus does not represent a full global count of people who identify outside the gender binary.

Australia[edit | edit source]

On the 2016 Australian Census, for the first time people could identify themselves as "male", "female", or "other". 1300 people selected "other".[3] However, the "other" option was only available through an opt-in process, not a standard census option, so the count is likely lower than the actual number of nonbinary Australians.[4]

Canada[edit | edit source]

Trans PULSE Canada, a 2019 survey of trans and nonbinary people across Canada, garnered 2,873 responses. About 48% of respondents (about 1379 people) were coded as "non-binary or similar", while about 2% (about 57 people) were "Indigenous or cultural gender". 4% of respondents selected that they were Two-Spirit, however this was in the "Sexual Orientation" section of the survey.[5]

In the first Canadian Trans Youth Health Survey (CTYHS, open from October 1, 2013 to May 31, 2014), surveying 923 non-cisgender Canadians between the ages of 14–25, 41% of respondents were nonbinary.[6]

Edmonton[edit | edit source]

Edmonton, the capital city of Alberta, had a municipal census in 2016 which allowed people to identify as "man/boy", "woman/girl", or "other". 1,212 people selected "other"; this was about 0.135% of the total municipal population (total 899,447).[7]

In the 2019 Edmonton census, the gender options were changed to "Man/boy", "Woman/girl", "Trans Man", "Trans Woman", "Two-Spirit", "Non-binary", "Another gender", or "Prefer not to answer". The total population was 972,223; 284 people were Two-Spirit, 717 were nonbinary, 289 chose the "another gender" option, and 94,315 people preferred not to answer. This makes a total count of 1,290 people who reported a gender identity that was not a binary gender; that's about 0.133% of the city's population.[8] (The actual count of nonbinary people may be higher due to the large number of people who chose not to report their gender.)

Ontario[edit | edit source]

A 2009-2010 survey of 433 trans people in Ontario found that 20% of respondents had a nonbinary identity.[9]

United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

According to a 2014 blog post by activist Nat Titman, "at least 0.4% of the UK population defines as nonbinary when given a 3-way choice in terms of female, male or another description", but the count will be higher depending on variations in question phrasing.[10]

According to the 2021 ONS Census for England and Wales[11], 0.06% of the population is nonbinary, while a further 0.04% wrote in their own responses. 0.24% of respondents did not choose to elaborate past "Is the gender you identify with the same as your sex registered at birth?".

USA[edit | edit source]

United States Trans Survey[edit | edit source]

A large-scale survey of "transgender, trans, genderqueer, and non-binary" people was conducted in 2015: the United States Trans Survey (USTS). In total there were 27,715 respondents, 35% of whom (9,769 people) "indicated that their gender identity was best described as nonbinary or genderqueer." However, a greater number (13,353 people or 48%) answered "Yes" to the question "Do you identify as more than one gender or as no gender?"[12] This echoes Titman's finding above, that question phrasing will affect the reported number of nonbinary/genderqueer people.

The USTS included a list of gender terms allowing respondents to check off multiple selections, as well as the option to write in a gender that wasn't listed. From this section of the survey:[13]

Extrapolated from the 2015 USTS, it was estimated that there could be over 450,000 nonbinary individuals in the United States of America[14], although totally accurate numbers are difficult to ascertain.[15]

Williams Institute study[edit | edit source]

Another study, published in June 2021 by the Williams Institute, used data from the Generations Study and the TransPop Study (data collected between 2016 and 2018). The Williams Institute study estimated that (within the LGBTQ community) there are around 1,219,000 nonbinary adults in the USA.[16]

USA subpopulations[edit | edit source]

People experiencing homelessness[edit | edit source]

In a 2018 count, 0.2 percent of the USA homeless population (1,163 people) were nonbinary (where "nonbinary" was defined as "not male, female or transgender".)[17]

People 18 and older[edit | edit source]

A 2017 GLAAD/Harris Poll survey of 2,037 Americans age 18 and over found the following:[18]

  • Agender people:
    • 3% of 18-34 age group
    • less than 0.5% of 35-51 age group
    • less than 0.5% of 52-71 age group
    • 1% of 72 or older age group
  • Genderfluid people:
    • 3% of 18-34 age group
    • 1% of 35-51 age group
  • People who were unsure of their gender/gender questioning:
    • 2% of 18-34 age group
    • 3% of 35-51 age group
    • 2% of 52-71 age group
    • 2% of 72 or older age group
  • Bigender people:
    • 1% of 18-34 age group
    • Less than 0.5% of 35-51 age group
    • 1% of 52-71 age group
  • Genderqueer people:
    • 1% of 18-34 age group
    • 1% of 35-51 age group

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Park, Andrew (March 2016). "Data Collection Methods for Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity". Williams Institute. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  2. "The 2021 Gender Census is now officially closed!". Gender Census. 10 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  3. Power, Shannon (28 June 2017). "Being gender non-binary on the Census, dyke is a dirty word and Ramadan fundraising". The Informer. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  4. https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2007.0main+features62021
  5. The Trans PULSE Canada Team (10 March 2020). "Report - Health and health care access for trans and non-binary people in Canada". Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  6. Frohard-Dourlent, Hélène; Dobson, Sarah; Clark, Beth A.; Doull, Marion; Saewyc, Elizabeth M. (2016). ""I would have preferred more options": accounting for non-binary youth in health research". Nursing Inquiry. doi:10.1111/nin.12150.
  7. Riebe, Natasha (29 March 2019). "Transgender, non-binary, two-spirit options on Edmonton census for first time". CBC. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  8. 2019 Edmonton Municipal Census (Population by Age Range and Gender)
  9. Coleman T, Bauer G, Scanlon K, Travers R, Kaay M, Francino M. Challenging the Binary: Gender Characteristics of Trans Ontarians. Trans PULSE e-Bulletin, 15 December 2011. 2(2). Downloadable in English or French at http://transpulseproject.ca/research/gender-characteristics-of-trans-ontarians/
  10. Titman, Nat (16 December 2014). "How many people in the United Kingdom are nonbinary?". Practical Androgyny. Retrieved 23 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. Office of National Statistics (ONS). "ONS 2021 Gender Results". Archived from the original on 6 January 2023. Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  12. "2015 U.S. Transgender Survey Complete Report" (PDF). Appendix A. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  13. "2015 U.S. Transgender Survey Complete Report" (PDF). p. 44. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  14. Hendrick, Janet; Meneghello, Richard; Behymer, Cheryl (11 January 2018). ""M," "F," Or "X"? Nonbinary Gender Designations In The Workplace". Law Week Colorado. Archived from the original on 18 March 2018.
  15. Freeman, Lauren (2018). "Micro Interactions, Macro Harms: Some Thoughts on Improving Health Care for Transgender and Gender Nonbinary Folks". International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics. doi:10.3138/ijfab.2018.05.29.
  16. Wilson, Bianca D.M.; Meyer, Ilan H. (June 2021). "Nonbinary LGBTQ Adults in the United States" (PDF). The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law.
  17. National Alliance to End Homelessness. "Demographic Data Project: Gender Minorities". Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  18. "Accelerating Acceptance 2017" (PDF). GLAAD. 2017. p. 4. Retrieved 24 October 2020.