List of nonbinary identities
This alphabetical list of some of the more common nonbinary identities lists many gender identities that are nonbinary. That is, those other than just female and male identities, which are the binary genders. This list gives names for nonbinary identities in English-speaking cultures, as well as those that are part of other cultures. (For the latter, please never use a word for your gender that belongs only to a culture or ethnic group that is not yours.) Some of these words for nonbinary identities have been used in writing for thousands of years. Meanwhile, some of these words were created more recently. This page lists fewer of the older gender-variant identities than the new ones, because it can be harder to say whether it's accurate to put those in the category of "nonbinary." See also List of uncommon nonbinary identities.
- agender. People have been calling themselves agender since at least before 2013. Some who call themselves agender have no gender identity (genderless). Others who call themselves agender have a gender identity, which isn't female or male, but neutral. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 944 of the 3,055 respondents (31%) were agender. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 2,723 of the 11,242 respondents (24.22%) were agender. Notable agender people include rapper Angel Haze,  astrophysicist Amita Kuttner, model Juno Mitchell, and poet Bogi Takács.
- androgyne. This ancient word from Latin means man-woman, and it entered English in the 12th century. For over a century, it has been used for a wide variety of kinds of gender nonconformance, gender identities, and gender expressions that do not fit into the gender binary. It has been used as an umbrella term for them. Androgyne can mean intersex, but not all androgynes are intersex. Victorian and Edwardian era people who called themselves androgynes believed their gender-nonconforming natures originated in hidden intersex characteristics in their brain or body. This was the view of a notable androgyne, autobiographer Jennie June (b. 1874). In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 380 of the respondents (12%) called themselves androgynes. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 1054 of the respondents (9.3%) called themselves androgynes.
- aporagender. Coined in 2014, from Greek apo, apor "separate" + "gender". A nonbinary gender identity and umbrella term for "a gender separate from male, female, and anything in between while still having a very strong and specific gendered feeling" (that is, not an absence of gender). In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 5 of the respondents (0.16%) were aporagender. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 23 of the respondents (0.20%) were aporagender.
- autismgender. The name can be shortened, such as autigender or autgender. A gender identity with which some nonbinary people with autism choose to use to describe themselves. Coined in 2014 by Tumblr users autismgender and esperancegirl, by submissions to the MOGAI-Archive blog. They defined it as "autism as part or whole of gender identity; a gender that can only be understood in context of being autistic." When your gender experience is influenced by or linked to your autism, or your understanding of the concept of gender itself is fundamentally altered by your autism. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, one of the respondents called their gender identity "autistic," and another said "autisgender." In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 66 of the respondents (0.59%) called their gender identity autigender, autgender, autistic, or autiqueer.
- bigender, or bi-gender. A bigender person feels they have two gender identities, at the same time, or at different times. A bigender person may move between their gender expressions based on their situation or their feelings. These two genders might be female and male, or they might be a different pair of genders. This identity (in the form "bigendered") was in use as early as 1995. In 1997, it was described in International Journal of Transgenderism. The American Psychological Association (APA) recognizes bigender as one type of transgender person. A 1999 survey conducted by the San Francisco Department of Public Health observed that, among the transgender community, less than 3% of those who were assigned male at birth and less than 8% of those who were assigned female at birth identified as bigender. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 123 of the respondents (4%) were bigender. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 419 of the respondents (3.72%) were bigender. Notable bigender people include the top-charting musician B-Complex, the speculative fiction writer R.B. Lemberg, and the young adult novelist Mia Siegert.
- bissu. For the past six centuries, the Bugis people of Indonesia have divided their society into five genders, which must coexist harmoniously: oroané (cisgender men), makkunrai (cisgender women), calabai (transgender women), calalai (transgender men), and bissu (all aspects of gender combined to form a whole).  Someone is born with the propensity to become bissu if they are intersex, but ambiguous genitalia alone do not confer the state of being a bissu, and ambiguous genitalia need not be visible. A normative male who becomes a bissu is believed to be female on the inside. In order to become bissu, one must learn priestly skills, remain celibate, and wear conservative clothes. Until the 1940s, the bissu were central to keeping ancient palace rituals alive, including coronations of kings and queens. Changes in the Bugis government sidelined the bissu. Persecution from hardline Islamic groups, police, and politicians resulted in fewer people taking on the role. By 2019, the bissu still exist, though their numbers have declined. Bissu today participate in weddings as maids of honour, and work as farmers, as well as performing their cultural roles as priests.
- boi. A queer masculine identity which is not cis-heteronormative. Boi originated in African American culture during the 1990s. It covers a wide variety of alternative masculine identities in emo, BDSM, gay male, lesbian, and genderqueer communities. For some, but not all, boi is an identity outside the gender binary. Not all who use it are people of color. Definitions of "boi" vary widely. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 3 of the respondents said their gender was boi. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 76 of the respondents (0.68%) said their gender was boi, or used boi as part of a word for their gender identity, such as femme boy, femboi, tomboi, or demiboy.
- butch. Butch is a queer masculine identity. It originated in working-class lesbian bar culture in the 1940s and 50s. Leslie Feinberg, who was a butch of the 1950s onward and a trans person, defines butch as a category of gender identity, neither male nor female. From the mid-20th century, there has been a tradition of roles of queer butch-femme couples. Butch-femme couples are not a rule, especially not after cultural changes in lesbian culture in the 1970s. Butch-femme couples are not an imitation of heterosexuality. Masculinity or butchness is neither the same as nor an imitation of manhood. As one trans man interviewed by sociologist Henry Rubin put it, the butch lesbian women he knew "were much more butch than me. But I was much more male than they were." Though butch most often means a lesbian woman, not all are. Queer theorist and butch Jack Halberstam defines its indefinability: "The butch is neither cis-gender nor simply transgender [...] Butch is always a misnomer-- not male, not female, masculine but not male, female but not feminine". Butch is a diverse category. Some people choose to call themselves butch. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 6 of the respondents said they were butch. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 105 of the respondents (0.93%) called their identity butch, or some form of it, such as soft butch. Notable people who call themselves butch as an identity outside the gender binary include writer Ivan E. Coyote, comedian Kelli Dunham, and social worker Sonalee Rashatwar.
- demiboy. A gender identity that is both male and genderless. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 834 of the respondents (7.42%) said they were a demiboy, demiguy, demiman, or other form of this identity.
- demigender. An umbrella term for nonbinary identities that have a partial connection to a certain gender. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 459 of the respondents (15%) said they were demigender, or a form of demigender, such as demiagender, demifluid, demifemme, demimasculine, or demigal. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 2,331 of the respondents (20.73%) were demigender, demiboy, demigirl, deminonbinary, or other form of this identity.
- demigirl. A gender identity that is both female and genderless. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 7.98% (897) of the respondents said they were a demigirl, demiwoman, demifemale, or other form of this identity.
- fa'afafine. In Samoa, the Fa'afafine are people who were assigned male at birth (AMAB), have a feminine gender expression, and don't think of themselves as female or male. It has been estimated that 1–5% of Samoans identify as fa'afafine. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand estimates that there are 500 fa’afafine in Samoa, and the same number in the Samoan diaspora in New Zealand, while according to SBS news, there are up to 3,000 fa'afafine currently living in Samoa. The masculine and assigned female at birth (AFAB) counterpart of fa'afafine in Samoa are known variously as faʻatane, faʻatama, and fafatama.
- femme. From the French word for "woman," femme originated as a queer feminine identity in 1950s working-class lesbian bar culture. Traditionally, femme was the counterpart of the butch role. Today, queer people who choose to call themselves femme do not necessarily seek a butch-femme relationship. Femme does not simply mean a conventionally feminine woman, and is instead a culturally transgressive queer identity. Surveys show that a significant percentage of nonbinary and genderqueer people identify as femme. Or, to put it another way, that many femmes consider themselves nonbinary or genderqueer. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 20 of the respondents (0.65%) called themselves a femme, a nonbinary femme, or othe variations. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 1.35% of the respondents identified as some form of femme. Some notable people who identify as femme outside the binary include author Kate Bornstein, journalist Sassafras Lowrey, disability rights activist Sharon daVanport, and multimedia artist Dev Blair.
- genderfluid, gender fluid, or fluid gender. A gender identity that often changes, so that a person may feel one day like a boy, and another day like a girl, or some other gender. It has been in use since at least the 1990s. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 947 of the respondents (31%) called themselves genderfluid, or otherwise called themselves "fluid." In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 2,446 of the respondents (21.76%) were genderfluid, or otherwise called themselves "fluid."
- genderflux. A gender identity that often changes in intensity, so that a person may feel one day as though they have almost no gender, or none at all, and another day they feel very gendered. This usage of the word was coined in 2014 on Tumblr. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 36 of the respondents (1.18%) called themselves genderflux, or otherwise used "flux" in the word for their gender identity. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 814 of the respondents (7.4%) were genderflux, boyflux, girlflux, agenderflux, or otherwise called themselves flux.
- genderfuck. A form of gender expression that seeks to subvert the traditional gender binary or gender roles by mixing traditionally masculine (such as a beard) and traditionally feminine (such as a dress) components. Even though it's often used as a gender expression, 0.4% of participants in the 2019 Gender Census identified with this word.
- genderless. Having no gender identity. A synonym of agender. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 17 of the respondents (0.56%) called themselves genderless. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 1,546 of the respondents (13.75%) used the word genderless for themselves.
- gender neutral. This can mean having nothing to do with gender, or is inclusive of any gender. It can mean having no gender identity, being genderless. Or it can mean having a gender identity that is neutral: not female, not male, not a mix; compare neutrois. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 420 of the respondents (13.75%) called themselves neutral. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 1,390 of the respondents (12.36%) said they were neutral, transneutral, gender neutral, neutral gender, or other similar words.
- genderqueer Any gender identity or expression which is queer, in and of itself. That is, a gender which is transgressive and non-normative. This can be an umbrella term, or a specific identity. The earliest known recorded use of genderqueer was in 1995, in the Transsexual Menace newsletter. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 1,244 of the respondents (40.72%) called themselves genderqueer. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 3,274 of the respondents (29.12%) called themselves genderqueer.
- gendervague. Coined in 2014 by many participants of the neurodivergentkin network, who defined it as "a nonbinary gender that [...] is not definable with words because of one’s status as neurodivergent." Autistic activist Lydia X. Z. Brown wrote, "I’ve started referring to myself as gendervague [...] a specifically neurodivergent experience of trans/gender identity. [...] Someone who is gendervague cannot separate their gender identity from their neurodivergence – being autistic doesn’t cause my gender identity, but it is inextricably related to how I understand and experience gender." An author who is gendervague, Max Sparrow, wrote that "[...] disability can affect gender presentation as much as or even more than inherent gender identity. Identity labels so often focus on sifting out one aspect of identity, holding it apart and separate from other aspects of our lives. Gendervague is an inherently intersected identity, honoring two different facets of identity equally, simultaneously more exclusive and more inclusive." In the 2019 Gender Census, 26 respondents (0.23%) called themselves gendervague.
- gendervoid. Coined by Tumblr user Baaphomett in 2014 by a submission to the MOGAI-archive blog. "A gender consisting of the void (also/originally used to mean the same thing as genderless)." In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 9 of the respondents (0.29%) called themselves gendervoid or another variation. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 91 of the respondents (0.81%) called their gender "void," "voidgender," "gendervoid," or other variations.
- graygender, greygender, gray agender, or grey agender. (Spelling note: in American English, the color is called gray, but in the rest of the English-speaking world, the colour is called grey.) Graygender was coined by Tumblr user invernom in March 2014. It means "A person who identifies as (at least partially) outside the gender binary and has a strong natural ambivalence about their gender identity or gender expression. They feel they have a gender(s), as well as a natural inclination or desire to express it, but it's weak and/or somewhat indeterminate/indefinable, or they don’t feel it most of the time, or they’re just not that invested in it. They're not entirely without a gender or gender expression, but they're not entirely 'with' it either." In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 31 responses (0.27%) were this. Of them, 5 were graygender, 20 were greygender, 3 were grey, 2 were grey gender, 1 was greygenderflux.
- hijra. In south Asian countries including India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, the hijra are people who were assigned male at birth, who have a feminine gender expression. Traditionally and today, some hijras seek castration. Hijras live together communally. They have important roles in religious practice. They can be Hindu or Muslim. Hijra traditions are ancient. The earliest mention of hijras is in the Kama Sutra, from 400 BCE to 300 CE. In one of the earliest Western records of them, Franciscan travelers wrote about seeing hijras in the 1650s. From the 1850s onward, the British Raj criminalized and tried to exterminate hijras. Since the late 20th century, hijra activists and non-government organizations have lobbied for official recognition of the hijra as a legal sex other than male or female. This is important for them to be able to have passports, travel, hold jobs, and other rights. They have been successful at achieving legal recognition as another gender in Nepal, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. The Hijra in India alone may number as many as 2,000,000 today.
- māhū. In the Kanaka Maoli (Hawaiian) and Maohi (Tahitian) cultures, the māhū (meaning "in the middle") is a traditional gender role outside of the Western concept of gender. It is made of people who may have been assigned either male or female at birth. This tradition existed before Western invaders. The first published description of māhū is from 1789. From 1820 onward, Westerners stigmatized and criminalized māhū. Māhū still exist today, and play an important role in preserving and reviving Polynesian culture. There was one māhū in the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, and one in the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census.
- maverique. Coined by Vesper H. (queerascat) in 2014. A specific nonbinary gender identity "characterized by autonomy and inner conviction regarding a sense of self that is entirely independent of male/masculinity, female/femininity or anything which derives from the two while still being neither without gender nor of a neutral gender." In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 12 of the respondents (0.39%) called themselves maverique. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 72 of the respondents (0.64%) said they were maverique or mavrique.
- multigender. A multigender person has more than one gender identity. This can mean they have them at the same time, or that they often switch between them at different times. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 0.20% (22) respondents called themselves multigender.
- neutrois. Coined by a neutrois person named H. A. Burnham in 1995. Having one non-binary gender identity that is neutral. Not female, not male, and not a mix. Some neutrois people are transsexual, experience gender dysphoria, and want to get a physical transition. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 208 of the respondents (6.8%) were neutrois. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 398 of the respondents (3.54%) were neutrois.
- nonbinary, shortened as NB or enby. Nonbinary is an umbrella term for all who don't identify as just female or male. Though there are innumerable kinds of nonbinary identities, some people identify as "nonbinary" only. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 1,980 of the respondents (64.81%) called themselves nonbinary, and 477 of the respondents (16%) called themselves enbies. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 68.37% (7686) of the responses used the word nonbinary for their identity (or for part of their identity), and 3,609 of the respondents (32.1%) called themselves enbies.
- non-gendered. Having no gender. An identity popularized by non-gendered activist Christie Elan-Cane since at least 2000. Due to Elan-Cane's activism, this word has had significant visibility, though it is not one of the more commonly used identity labels in community surveys. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 2 of the respondents called themselves non-gendered. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 7 of the responses called themselves non-gendered, nongendered, or non gendered.
- polygender. A polygender person has several gender identities. This can mean they have them at the same time, or that they often switch between them at different times. People called themselves polygender as early as 1995. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 7 of the respondents (0.23%) were polygender. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 24 of the respondents (0.21%) were polygender.
- queer. A long-reclaimed slur for the broader LGBT+ community, and an umbrella term for identities that are not heterosexual and/or not cisgender. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 9 of the respondents (0.29%) used the word "queer" as an identity label, and 1,253 (41%) used the word queer in total, including as part of terms such as genderqueer. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 4,886 of the responses (43.46%) used the word "queer" as an identity label, some of which used it as their only label for their identity, and 8,177 responses (72.74%) used the word queer in total, including those where it was part of another identity term, such as genderqueer, neuroqueer, or queerdo.
- third gender. Third gender is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves, by their society, or by outsiders to their society, as not fitting into the Western ideas of binary gender and heterosexual roles. The phrase "third gender" has been used for a wide variety of meanings: intersex people whose bodies do not fit outdated Western medical concepts of binary sex, hundreds of indigenous societal roles as described (and often misrepresented) by Western anthropologists (including indigenous identities such as south Asian hijras, Hawaiian and Tahitian māhū, and Native American identities now called Two-Spirits), transgender people who are nonbinary, homosexual people (even those who are white and in Western societies), and women who were considered to be gender-nonconforming because they fought for women's rights. Some people self-identify as third gender, especially in communities of people of color in the United States. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 84 of the respondents (2.75%) called themselves third gender. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 244 of the respondents (2.17%) called themselves third gender.
- transfeminine. A transgender person who transitions in a feminine direction, but who doesn't necessarily identify as female. They may have a nonbinary identity. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 206 of the respondents (6.74%) called themselves transfeminine. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 702 of the respondents (6.24%) were transfeminine.
- transmasculine. A transgender person who transitions in a masculine direction, but who doesn't necessarily identify as male. They may have a nonbinary identity. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 434 of the respondents (14.21%) called themselves transmasculine. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 2,226 of the respondents (19.8%) were transmasculine, trans masculine, trans masc, or transmasc.
- Two-spirit. "Berdache" was an old word used by European-American anthropologists. Berdache was an umbrella term for all traditional gender and sexual identities in all cultures throughout the Americas that were outside of Western ideas of binary gender and heterosexual roles. These identities included the nádleeh in Diné (Navajo), and the lhamana in Zuni, among many others. In 1990, an Indigenous lesbian and gay international gathering chose to internationally replace "berdache" with "Two-Spirit" as a preferable umbrella term for these identities. Two-Spirit was chosen to distance these identities from non-Natives, and should only be used for people who are Native American, because it is for identities that must be contextualized in Native cultures. Because of the wide variety of identities under the Two-Spirit umbrella, a Two-Spirit person does not necessarily have an identity analogous to a non-Native nonbinary gender identity. Some do, but others are more analogous to non-Native gay male or lesbian woman identities. Notable people who identify specifically with the label "Two-Spirit" include Menominee poet Chrystos (b. 1946), who goes by they/them pronouns, and Ojibwe artist Raven Davis (b. 1975), who goes by neutral pronouns. In the 2016 Nonbinary/Genderqueer Survey, 8 of the respondents (0.26%) called themselves Two-Spirit. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 0.18% (20) of the responses called themselves Two-Spirit.
- xenogender. From xeno alien + "gender." Coined in 2014 by Tumblr user Baaphomett, in a submission to the MOGAI-Archive blog, who defined it as "A gender that cannot be contained by human understandings of gender; more concerned with crafting other methods of gender categorization and hierarchy such as those relating to animals, plants, or other creatures/things." An umbrella term for many nonbinary gender identities defined in reference to very different ideas than female or male. In the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, 40 of the respondents (0.35%) called themselves "xenogender." Far more called themselves by specific genders that could be seen as under the xenogender umbrella, though that is hard to quantify or differentiate.
- X-gender (Ｘジェンダー, ekkusujendā). In Japan, this is a common transgender identity that isn't female or male, much as the words "genderqueer" and "nonbinary" has come to be in the English-speaking world, to such a degree that "X-gender" is typically used as the Japanese translation for these. Therefore, a person does not need to be Japanese to be X-gender. The term "X-gender" began to be used during the latter 1990s, popularized by writings published by queer organizations in Kansai, in Osaka and Kyoto. Notable X-gender people include manga artist Yuu Watase (渡瀬 悠宇), who created the comics Fushigi Yūgi and Ceres, Celestial Legend. In April and May of 2019, Japan LGBT Research Institute Inc. conducted an online survey. It collected a total of 348,000 valid responses from people aged 20 to 69, not all of whom were LGBT. 2.5% of the respondents called themselves X-gender. This identity term was underrepresented in the 2019 Worldwide Gender Census, in which 4 of the respondents called themselves X-gender.
- List of uncommon nonbinary identities
- Glossaries of gender and sex terminology in 21 different languages
- Richards, Christina; Barker, Meg (2013). Sexuality and Gender for Mental Health Professionals: A Practical Guide. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781446293133.
- Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 611.
- "NB/GQ Survey 2016 - the worldwide results." Gender Census. March 19, 2016. http://gendercensus.tumblr.com/post/141311159050/nbgq-survey-2016-the-worldwide-results
- "Gender Census 2019 - The Worldwide tl;dr." Gender Census (blog). March 31, 2019. Retrieved July 7, 2020. https://gendercensus.tumblr.com/post/183843963445/gender-census-2019-the-worldwide-tldr Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20200118084451/https://gendercensus.com/post/183843963445/gender-census-2019-the-worldwide-tldr
- "angxl hxze on Twitter", February 14, 2015
- "angxl hxze on Twitter", February 14, 2015
- Kuttner, Amita (2019). "Identity in Politics". amitakuttner.ca. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
- Instagram bio accessed 1 June 2020
- Twitter bio
- "Androgyne." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved July 5, 2020. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/androgyne
- Raphael Carter, "Not this, not that: A meditation on labels." July 14, 1996. Androgyny RAQ (Rarely Asked Questions) (personal site). https://web.archive.org/web/20041209234238/http://www.chaparraltree.com/raq/notthis.shtml
- Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Transgender Memoir of 1921 Found". Humanities and Social Sciences Online. N.p., 10 October 2010. Web. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
- Anonymous asked: "could I ask the etymology of the prefix apora- ?", posted October 2014.
- Aporagender, date unknown, captured April 2016.
- The since-deleted post in the mogai-archive blog where this word was coined: http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/93477063574/auti-s-gender Another blog's archive of that lost blog post: http://purrloinsucks.tumblr.com/post/95723823254/autisgender An archive of that archive: https://archive.is/BTFMN#selection-489.0-489.14
- Schneider, M., et al, American Psychological Association, APA Task Force on Gender Identity, Gender Variance, and Intersex Conditions, 2008 Answers to Your Questions About Transgender People, Gender Identity, And Gender Expression (PDF), date unknown, captured April 2016.
- Bowen, Gary (15 May 1995). "A Dictionary of Words for Masculine Women". FTM International. Archived from the original on 5 November 1996.
- Eyler, A.E.; Wright, K. (1997). "Gender Identification and Sexual Orientation Among Genetic Females with Gender-Blended Self-Perception in Childhood and Adolescence". International Journal of Transgenderism.
- Clements, K. "The Transgender Community Health Project." San Francisco Department of Public Health. 1999. http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=cftg-02-02
- Pecíková, Laura. "Prelomil/a B-complex: Keď som muž, tak som Maťo, keď žena, tak Matia" [B-complex explained: When I'm a man, I'm Mato, when a woman, Matia]. Denník N (in Slovak). Retrieved 28 March 2020.
- @RB_Lemberg (July 25, 2018). "@bogiperson is my spouseperson and Mati the Child is our childperson. We are all #ActuallyAutistic :) I forgot to mention that I am bigender and use the pronoun "they." Good to see you here - come say hello if you feel like it! <3" – via Twitter.
- "Writing from a Place of Truth". Diversity in YA. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
I’m bigender, identifying as both a mostly-hetero female and a gay male.
- M. Farid W Makkulau. "Remembered Saidi with Bissu Tradition." Palotaraq. May 26, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2020. https://palontaraq.id/2018/05/26/remembered-saidi-with-bissu-tradition
- "Sulawesi's fifth gender" . Inside Indonesia. https://web.archive.org/web/20120728104208/http://www.insideindonesia.org/edition-66-apr-jun-2001/sulawesi-s-fifth-gender-3007484 Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- <a href="http://www.iias.nl/iiasn/29/IIASNL29_27.pdf">"Sex, Gender, and Priests in South Sulawesi, Indonesia"</a> (PDF). International Institute for Asian Studies. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- Davies, Sharyn Graham. Gender Diversity in Indonesia: Sexuality, Islam and Queer Selves (ASAA Women in Asia Series), Routledge, 2010.
- Davies, Sharyn Graham. Challenging Gender Norms: Five Genders Among Bugis in Indonesia (Case Studies in Cultural Anthropology), Wadsworth Publishing, 2006.
- Pelras, Christian. The Bugis (The Peoples of South-East Asia and the Pacific), Wiley-Blackwell, 1997.
- "Sex, Gender, and Priests in South Sulawesi, Indonesia" (PDF). International Institute for Asian Studies. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-25. Unknown parameter
- "Sulawesi's fifth gender". Inside Indonesia. Archived from the original on 28 July 2012. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- Ibrahim, Farid M (27 February 2019). "Homophobia and rising Islamic intolerance push Indonesia's intersex bissu priests to the brink". Australian Broadcasting Corporation News. Archived from the original on 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019. Unknown parameter
- June, Karlana (23 February 2015). "The Bugis Five Genders and Belief in a Harmonious World". Prezi. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
- The A-Z of Gender and Sexuality. 2019. p. 56. ISBN 9781784506636.
- Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 612.
- "bklyn boihood." https://prezi.com/ybttsym4mewd/bklyn-boihood/
- Riley, "Don't call me butch: What kind of lez are you?" September 21, 2011. Lez Get Real. http://web.archive.org/web/20140116213509/http://lezgetreal.com/2011/09/dont-call-me-butch-what-kind-of-lez-are-you/ (archive)
- Levitt, Heidi (February 2003). "The Misunderstood Gender: A Model of Modern Femme Identity". Sex Roles. 48 (3/4): 99–113. doi:10.1023/A:1022453304384. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Kennedy, Elizabeth Lapovsky; Madeline D. Davis (1993). Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of a Lesbian Community. New York: Routledge. pp. 82–86. ISBN 0-415-90293-2.
- Leslie Feinberg, Transgender Warriors: Making History from Joan of Arc to RuPaul. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996. p. x.
- Henry Rubin, Self-Made Men: Identity and Embodiment Among Transsexual Men. Vanderbilt University Press, 2003. P. 79.
- Jack Halberstam, Female Masculinity, Durham: Duke University, 2018. p. 122.
- Henry Rubin, Self-Made Men: Identity and Embodiment Among Transsexual Men. Vanderbilt University Press, 2003. P. 24.
- Jack Halberstam, Female Masculinity, Durham: Duke University, 2018. p. xi.
- Why we need gender-neutral bathrooms, Ivan Coyote, November 2015
- "Gender Landmines: Trans Masculinities, Femininities, and Binaries: A Review of Ivan Coyote and Rae Spoon's Gender Failure". Casey the Canadian Lesbrarian. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
- Guerrero, Desirée (21 April 2020). "Genderqueer Comic Kelli Dunham On Getting (Thee) Away From a Nunnery". The Advocate. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
- Definitions Master List, asexualityorg proboards, posted August 2012, captured April 2016.
- AVEN: Definitions Master List
- William Kremer (18 February 2014). "The evolutionary puzzle of homosexuality". BBC News. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- Tan, Yvette (September 1, 2016). "Samoa's 'third gender' beauty pageant" – via www.bbc.com.
- Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "3. – Gender diversity – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". teara.govt.nz.
- "Fa'afafine: Boys Raised to be Girls ten minute news video about faafafine in Australia". 26 August 2013.
- Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 613.
- Raymond, Gerard (July 11, 2018). "Interview: Kate Bornstein on Their Broadway Debut in Straight White Men". Slant Magazine. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
- @sassafraslowrey (11 October 2019). "and to have made a core aspect of my career around writing the queerest books and stories I can imagine. Happy #NationalComingOutDay Queerly yours a: #runaway, formerly #homeless, #genderqueer, #trans, #femme, #queer, #polyamorous, #asexual, #little, #leather boy" – via Twitter.
- "PEOPLE: Why Sharon daVanport built a support network for autistic women and nonbinary people". Echo Chamber Escape. May 26, 2020. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
- @Dev_Blair (25 January 2018). "Starting 2 prefer "they" pronouns because so many people wanna equate "she" pronouns w/ me being a woman n that's not really what I mean when I say non-binary femme-what I mean is my gender is neither male nor female but I do strongly align with femininity" – via Twitter.
- Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 614.
- "Genderflux Information and Resources". Archived from the original on 21 March 2016.
- Dictionary definition of what Genderfuck means: https://www.dictionary.com/e/gender-sexuality/genderfuck/
- "Answering gender questions concerning genderqueer." Genderqueer ID. http://genderqueerid.com/post/8813994851/answering-gender-questions-coining-genderqueer
- Cryptomegha (Gcdzilla, StrangeGloved). Untitled post. gcdzilla (blog). August 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20141003224751/http://gcdzilla.tumblr.com/post/91603686632/ok-so-the-rly-cool-people-at-the-neurodivergentkin
- Brown, Lydia X. Z. (22 June 2016). "Gendervague: At the Intersection of Autistic and Trans Experiences". The Asperger / Autism Network (AANE). Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Max Sparrow. "What is gendervague?" Transtistic: At the Intersection of Transtistic and Autgender (blog). June 17, 2017. Retrieved April 11, 2019. https://transtistic.wordpress.com/2017/06/17/what-is-gendervaguear Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20190411000915/https://transtistic.wordpress.com/2017/06/17/what-is-gendervague/
- Baaphomett. "Masterpost of genders coined by Baaphomett." Mogai-Archive. Original post where these were coined, which is lost: http://mogai-archive.tumblr.com/post/91736136744/masterpost-of-genders-coined-by-baaphomett Archive of that post: https://purrloinsucks.tumblr.com/post/95720973644/masterpost-of-genders-coined-by-baaphomett Archive of that archive: https://archive.is/yULU0#selection-169.2-169.93
- Pride-Flags (23 August 2015). "Graygender / Gray Agender". DeviantArt. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
- Identifying As “Graygender”/“Greygender”, invernom, 20 March 2014
- Gray/greygender by mogai-library, 12 August 2015
- Sengupta, J. (2006). Refractions of Desire, Feminist Perspectives in the Novels of Toni Morrison, Michèle Roberts, and Anita Desai. Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 21. ISBN 9788126906291. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
- Donald Lach. Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume III: A Century of Advance. Book 2, South Asia. University of Chicago, 1998.
- Laurence W. Preston. "A Right to Exist: Eunuchs and the State in Nineteenth-Century India." Modern Asian Studies (journal), April 1987, vol. 21, issue 2, pp. 371–387 doi=10.1017/S0026749X00013858 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/231903575
- Reddy, Gayatri. (2005). With respect to sex : negotiating hijra identity in South India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-70754-9. OCLC 655225261.
- Reddy, Gayatri, With Respect to Sex: Negotiating Hijra Identity in South India, 310 pp., University of Chicago Press, 2005 ISBN 0-226-70755-5 (see p. 8)
- "India's third gender gets own identity in voter rolls", Harmeet Shah Singh, CNN.com, Nov. 2009
- Mitch Kellaway. "Trans Indian's Predicament at Border Shows the U.S. Lags Behind." May 9, 2015. Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/politics/transgender/2015/05/09/trans-indian-womans-predicament-border-shows-us-lags-behind
- "Pakistan Recognizes Third Gender", Ria Misra, Politics Daily, Dec. 2009
- "Hijras now a separate gender", Mohosinul Karim, Dhaka Tribune, Nov. 2013
- Reddy, Gayatri, With Respect to Sex: Negotiating Hijra Identity in South India, 310 pp., University of Chicago Press, 2005 ISBN 0-226-70755-5 (see p. 8)
- Mario Vargas Llosa. "The men-women of the Pacific." Tate Britain. http://www.tate.org.uk/context-comment/articles/men-women-pacific
- Stephen F. Eisenman. Gauguin's Skirt. 1997.
- The men-women of the Pacific, tate.org.uk/Tate Britain, archive URL 6 March 2015.
- William Bligh. Bounty Logbook. Thursday, January 15, 1789.
- Aleardo Zanghellini. "Sodomy Laws and Gender Variance in Tahiti and Hawai'i." Laws Vol. 2, Issue 2 (2013), p. 51–68 doi: 10.3390/laws2020051
- Besnier, Niko, Alexeyeff, Kalissa. Gender on the edge : transgender, gay, and other Pacific islanders. Honolulu, 2014 isbn=9780824840198
- Carol E. Robertson. 1989 "The Māhū of Hawai'i." Feminist Studies. volume 15, issue 2, pages=318. doi=10.2307/3177791 issn=0046-3663 jstor=3177791
- maverique, Vesper H. (queerascat), June 2014, captured April 2016.
- Jenny Crofton. «What It Means To Be MultiGender: The Questions Many Have, But Are Afraid To Ask». The body is not an apology. 7 December 2016
- Axey, Qwill, Rave, and Luscious Daniel, eds. “FAQ.” Neutrois Outpost. Last updated 2000-11-23. Retrieved 2001-03-07. 
- Define, Neutrois Nonsense, date unknown, captured April 2016.
- Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 616.
- vector (revolutionator). Untitled post, September 2013. revolutionator's blog is password-protected, but the post has been reblogged many times, eg: here, date unknown, captured April 2016.
- Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 617.
- The Fallacy of the Myth of Gender, Christie Elan-Cane, USA and London Gendys Conference, 2000 
- Gary Bowen. "A Dictionary of Words for Masculine Women." FTM International. May 15, 1995. Retrieved November 5, 1996. http://web.archive.org/web/19961105010926/http://www.ftm-intl.org/Wrtngs/ftm-words.gary.html
- Julia Serano, Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity. Unpaged.
- Trumbach, Randolph. (1998) Sex and the Gender Revolution. Volume 1: Heterosexuality and the Third Gender in Enlightenment London. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1998. (Chicago Series on Sexuality, History & Society)
- Ross, E. Wayne (2006). The Social Studies Curriculum: Purposes, Problems, and Possibilities. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-6909-5.
- Kennedy, Hubert C. (1980) The "third sex" theory of Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, Journal of Homosexuality. 1980–1981 Fall–Winter; 6(1–2): pp. 103–1
- Wright, B. D. (1987). ""New Man," Eternal Woman: Expressionist Responses to German Feminism". The German Quarterly. 60 (4): 582–599. doi:10.2307/407320. JSTOR 407320.
- Franc Johnson Newcomb (1980-06). Hosteen Klah: Navaho Medicine Man and Sand Painter. University of Oklahoma Press. Template:ISBN.
- Lapahie, Harrison, Jr. Hosteen Klah (Sir Left Handed). Lapahie.com. 2001 (retrieved 19 Oct 2009)
- Berlo, Janet C. and Ruth B. Phillips. Native North American Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Template:ISBN . pg. 34
- Matilda Coxe Stevenson, The Zuni Indians: Their Mythology, Esoteric Fraternities, and Ceremonies, (BiblioBazaar, 2010) p. 380
- "Two Spirit 101" at NativeOut. Accessed 23 Sep 2015
- Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
- de Vries, Kylan Mattias (2009). "Berdache (Two-Spirit)". In O'Brien, Jodi. Encyclopedia of gender and society. Los Angeles: SAGE. p. 64. ISBN 9781412909167. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
- "A Spirit of Belonging, Inside and Out". The New York Times. 8 Oct 2006. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- Vowel, Chelsea (2016). "All My Queer Relations - Language, Culture, and Two-Spirit Identity". Indigenous Writes: A Guide to First Nations, Métis & Inuit Issues in Canada. Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada: Highwater Press. ISBN 978-1553796800.
- "Chrystos". PoetryFoundation.org. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
- Brehm, Victoria (1998). "Urban Survivor Stories: The Poetry of Chrystos". Studies in American Indian Literatures. 10 (1): 73–82. ISSN 0730-3238. JSTOR 20739440.
- Sorrel, Lorraine (March 31, 1989). "Review: Not Vanishing". off our backs. 19 (3).
- "Newsletter.May2015.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-11-25. Retrieved 2015-11-25. Unknown parameter
- "IT ALL STARTS WITH AWARENESS -LGBTQ DAY IN ESKASONI". Archived from the original on 25 November 2015.
- "Masterpost of genders coined by Baaphomett." 2014. MOGAI Archive. 
- Marilyn Roxie. "Selected links on nonbinary gender in Japan." March 28, 2013. http://genderqueerid.com/post/46526429887/selected-links-on-non-binary-gender-in-japan
- "【ＸラウンジからNEWS！】参議院議員の尾辻かな子さんへのレインボー・アクションの陳情で、Ｘラウンジから要望書を提出しました。([NEWS from X Lounge! ] We submitted a request form from the X Lounge in response to a petition of Kanae Otsuji, a member of the House of Councilors, about the rainbow action.)" NPO Rainbow Action. May 30, 2013. http://rainbowaction.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-122.html Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20200221122651/http://rainbowaction.blog.fc2.com/blog-entry-122.html
- S.P.F. Dale. "An Introduction to X-Jendā: Examining a New Gender Identity in Japan." Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific Issue 31, December 2012. http://intersections.anu.edu.au/issue31/dale.htm
- Yuu Watase [@wataseyuu_] (2019-05-20). "ブログでもここでも呟いたけど、再度。 漫画にも影響してると思うから。 私はXジェンダーと医師に診断されてて、中身は、男にも女にも寄れるし男でも女でもない。 見た目はちゃんと(20代後半から社会に合わせて)どうせやるならやるでメイクもオシャレもする、それだけ。 女性の身体は否定しないが→" [I blogged here and again, but again. I think it also affects manga. I have been diagnosed by X-gender and a doctor, and the contents are neither men nor women, nor men or women. It looks just fine (according to society from the late 20s), and if you do it, you can make and be fashionable. I do not deny the female body] – via Twitter.
- "Most people in Japan know LGBT but understanding limited". Kyodo News. December 11, 2019. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved July 5, 2020.