Non-binair

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This page is a translated version of the page Nonbinary and the translation is 40% complete.
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« I'm still facing doubts and questions on this journey but despite the hardships that come with being under the trans umbrella, I have no regrets and have immense hope for the future. I am learning to love myself and live beyond the binary. »
Jay, 19 (Non-binair)[1]
Nonbinary/nl
nonbinary.png
-Geel: gender zonder verwijzing naar de binaire genders.
-Wit: vele of alle genders.
-Paars: gender tussen of een mengeling van man en vrouw.
-Zwart: genderloos
Related identities transgender, genderqueer
Pride Gallery/Nonbinary


Non-binair is een parapluterm die elke genderidentiteit of genderxpressie die niet binnen het genderbinair past, omvat. Het label kan ook gebruikt worden door mensen die zich wensen te identificeren als zijnde buiten het genderbinair zonder meer details te geven over de specifieke aard van hun gender.

As an umbrella term, nonbinary has similar scope to genderqueer with most nonbinary-identifying individuals also considering themselves genderqueer. However the terms have different meanings and connotations. The term genderqueer predates nonbinary by at least a decade.

Kye Rowen heeft de non-binaire vlag ontworopen in 2014, rechts getoond. Deze vlag is bedoeld om "nonbinair volk te representeren die niet vonden dat de genderqueer vlag hen representeerde."

Geschiedenis

Foto genomen tijdens de Paris Gay Pride March in 2016. Het spandoek is geschilderd n de kleuren van de non-binaire vlag. De grote letters spelen "My gender is nonbinary" (Mijn gender is non-binair), met vele namen van specifieke non-binaire identiteiten in kleinere letters op de achtegrond.

See main article at history of nonbinary gender.

In 2014, Kye Rowan designed the nonbinary flag, shown at the top of this article. This flag is meant to "represent nonbinary folk who did not feel that the genderqueer flag represented them. This flag was intended to go alongside Marilyn Roxie's genderqueer flag rather than replace it. The flag consists of four stripes. From top to bottom: yellow represents those whose gender exists outside of and without reference to the binary as yellow is often used to distinguish something as its own. White represents those who have many or all genders as white is the photological presence of color and/or light. The purple stripe represents those who feel their gender is between or a mix of female and male as purple is the mix of traditional boy and girl colors. The purple also could be seen as representing the fluidity and uniqueness of nonbinary people. The final black stripe represents those who feel they are without gender, as black is the photological absence of color and/or light." The nonbinary flag and the genderqueer flag are both options for nonbinary people to use to symbolize themselves, and take different approaches to how to symbolize nonbinary genders.

In 2014, "Nonbinary" was one of the 56 genders made available on Facebook.[2]

Usage of the term enby

Table displaying the percentages of respondents sorted by their preferred word.[3]

The word enby (plural enbies, from N-B) is an alternative word that can be used to talk about nonbinary people. It seems to have been coined by Tumblr user revolutionator in 2013 as the nonbinary equivalent of boy and girl.[4][5] As such, many people don't understand it as a full equivalent for nonbinary and instead it's often used to refer to nonbinary people of young age. The 2020 Gender Census shows how the older someone is, the less likely they are to use this word for themselves.[3]

Non-binaire identiteiten

There is more information about this topic here: List_of_nonbinary_identities

Enkele vaak voorkomende identiteiten die vallen onder de non-binaire paraplu omvatten, maar zijn niet beperkt tot:

  • Agender alias genderloos, non-gender - geen genderidentiteit of gender hebben (vergelijkbaar met en sometimes gebruikt als synonym voor genderneutraal en/of neutrois).
  • Androgyne aka androgyn gender - identificeren of zichzelf presenteren tussen de binaire opties van man en vrouw of masculien en feminien (vergelijkbaar met en sometimes gebruikt als synonym voor intergender).
  • Multigender (kan ook androgyne omvatten) - bewegen tussen two of meer verschillende genderitentiteiten op verschillende momenten of in verschillende situaties, of meer dan één genderidentiteit op hetzelfde moment hebben. Sommige multigender identiteiten zijn bigender, polygender en genderfluïde.
  • Genderneutral aka neutraal gender - een neutraal gender en/of neutrale genderexpressie hebben, of zich identificeren met de voorkeur voor genderneutrale taal en voornaamwoorden.
  • Genderqueer aka Gender Queer - niet-normatieve genderidentiteit of -expressie. Genderqueer is begonnen als inclusieve veel-omvattende parapluterm, maar het wordt door velen ook beschouwd als een identiteit op zich.
  • Intergender - een genderidentiteit tussen de twee binaire opties van man en vrouw of masculine en feminien hebben.
  • Neutrois - behoren tot een niet-gegenderde of neutraal gegenderde klasse, meestal (maar niet altijd) gebruikt als aanduiding om het verlangen om gegenderde kenmerken te verbergen of verwijderen.
  • Non-binair of nonbinair - zich identificeren met de parapluterm die alle mensen omvat die een gender buiten het binaire hebben, zonder zichzelf meers specifiek te identificeren. Wordt ook als identiteit op zich gebruikt.
  • Transgender - zich identificeren met de parapluterm die alle genderidentiteiten of -expressies omvat die maatschappelijk regels and concepten omtrend gender overschrijdt of overestijgt. Transgender is een zeer brede parapluterm en omvat ook mensen met binaire genderidentiteiten en -expressies maar die gender overschrijden door een transitie tussen de binaire genders.

You can read about many more of these at list of nonbinary identities.

Non-binaire voorstelling en uitdrukking

There is no single or 'correct' way to perform a nonbinary gender. Most nonbinary people are primarily motivated by the desire to be comfortable and true to themselves rather than attempting to follow any particular gender role. Nonbinary people may or may not experience gender dysphoria or may experience only bodily or social dysphoria. Nonbinary is a wide umbrella term covering a large number of gender identities and expressions. Whichever way any particular nonbinary person needs or chooses to present, express or perform their gender is as valid as any other.

Niet all non-binaire mensen ervaren genderdysforie of volgen een traditioneel transitieverloop. Sommigen hebben het gevoel dat er geen maatschappelijke rol of lichaam is om een overgang naartoe te maken en focusen daarom gewoonweg op zichzelf zijn.

Androgyne of genderneutrale presentatie

Some nonbinary people may choose or need to present an androgynous or gender neutral gender expression; perhaps choosing to hide, remove or blend gender cues. This is personal to each individual and is not any more nonbinary than any other way of expressing a nonbinary gender.

Some nonbinary people experience bodily dysphoria relating to certain primary or secondary sexual characteristics. The act of obscuring, removing or replacing these sexual characteristics in order to reduce gender dysphoria may result in physical androgyny without the individual having set out to specifically obtain an androgynous presentation.

Genderfuck

Some nonbinary people may choose or need to present a 'clashing' combination of gender cues that are incongruous, challenging or shocking to those who expect others to fit the gender binary. For example, combining a beard with makeup and a padded bra. This practice of transgressively breaking the rules of gender presentation is known as genderfuck, genderfucking or sometimes genderpunk.

Genderneutrale taal

Some nonbinary people prefer to be referred to using gender neutral language and pronouns. Some choose a gender neutral title such as Mx or Misc for formal communications. Others may opt for no title.

Binaire genderrollen en taal uitbreiden of ondermijnen

Some nonbinary people prefer to expand on or subvert what is considered socially acceptable for their assigned gender. This may involve preferring binary pronouns while crossdressing, blending or mixing gender cues or otherwise subverting the expectations society places on that gender role. Some may consider this to be a political act, for others this is simply an expression of self identity or personality. Some nonbinary people have no preference for gender neutral language but instead have a preference against the language and pronouns associated with the gender they were assigned at birth.

Notable nonbinary people

See main article: Notable nonbinary people

There are many more notable people who have a gender identity outside of the binary. The following are only some of those notable people who specifically use the word "nonbinary" for themselves.

  • Olly Alexander, the lead singer and songwriter for electropop band Years and Years.[6]
  • Kate Bornstein, an influential writer on gender theory, publishing books on the subject from the 1990s to the present.[7]
  • Amanda Stenberg, a singer and actor who has won the BET Awards for YoungStar Award.[8][9]
  • Rebecca Sugar (a nonbinary woman) is a writer, songwriter, and artist whose work on the cartoon series Adventure Time and Steven Universe has earned her six Primetime Emmy Award nominations.[10]
  • Sam Smith, a renowned English singer, Grammy winner and nominee. They came out as non-binary and changed their pronouns to they/them in September of 2019. [11]

Non-binaire personages in fictie

See main article: Nonbinary gender in fiction

There are many more nonbinary characters in fiction who have a gender identity outside of the binary. The following are only some of those characters who are specifically called by the word "nonbinary," either in their canon, or by their creators.

Please expand this section, giving quotes that show that the characters are specifically called by the word "nonbinary."

See also

References

  1. This quote is a snippet from an answer to the survey conducted in the year 2018. Note for editors: the text of the quote, as well as the name, age and gender identity of its author shouldn't be changed.
  2. Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cassolotl (15 June 2020). "On "enby" and age". Gender Census. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  4. @cassolotl on Tumblr (September 2013)
  5. argentconflagration on Tumblr (November 2013)
  6. Years & Years: Inspiring - #PlessPlayForPride Spotify, June 7 2016
  7. Retrieved November 11, 2019. http://katebornstein.com
  8. hi folks, @dazedfields and I are organizing a workshop on feminism, amandla.tumblr.com, March 2, 2016
  9. Hunger Games actress says she 'doesn't feel like a woman all the time', Gay Star News, March 4, 2016
  10. https://io9.gizmodo.com/steven-universes-rebecca-sugar-on-how-she-expresses-her-1827624015?IR=T
  11. https://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-49688123