From Nonbinary Wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Nonbinary and the translation is 35% complete.
Yellow: gender without reference to the binary; White: many or all genders; Purple: gender between or a mix of female and male; Black: lack of gender.
Related identities Genderqueer
Under the umbrella term Transgender
Frequency 66.6%
Click here to see alternative flags!
« この道程においての迷いも疑問も今でも向き合いつつあるが、トランスジェンダー圏の中に生きることに伴う苦難はあっても後悔が全然なく、将来への希望が大いにあります。自分自身を愛すること、性別バイナリーを超えて生きることを覚えつつあります。 »
Jay, 19歳 (ノンバイナリー)[1]

ノンバイナリー(英語:"nonbinary", "non-binary"[2])とは、性別バイナリー外に存在するジェンダーアイデンティティジェンダー表現を指すLGBTカテゴリ用語である。バイナリー外のジェンダーを持つが、より具体的なジェンダーラベルを指定したくないという人はこの用語をアイデンティティとして使うこともある。和製用語の「Xジェンダー」はおおよそ「ノンバイナリー」の意味と一致する。

Nonbinary falls under the umbrella term of transgender (meaning a gender identity different than one's sex assigned at birth). However, for various reasons, individual nonbinary people may or may not consider themselves transgender.[3]

カテゴリ用語として、ノンバイナリーはジェンダークィア (genderqueer)ともほぼ一致し、ノンバイナリーであるという人たちの殆どは自分がジェンダークィアでもあると認めているらしい。だが、2つの用語は微妙に違う意味合いを持つ。英語の「genderqueer」は「nonbinary」より10年以上前に生成された。

Photograph taken during the Paris Gay Pride March in 2016. The banner is printed with the colors of the nonbinary flag. The big letters say "My gender is nonbinary," with dozens of names of specific nonbinary identities listed in smaller letters in the background.


2016年3月に行われたParis Gay Prideで撮影された写真。バナーにはノンバイナリー・フラッグの色がプリントされている。大きな文字で「私のジェンダーはノンバイナリーです(My gender is nonbinary)」と書かれており、背景に小さな文字で個別のノンバイナリーのアイデンティティの名前が多数書かれている。

history of nonbinary genderでメイン記事を見る.

Since 2012, the International Nonbinary Day has been celebrated each 14th of July, with the aim to celebrate and focus on nonbinary people, their successes and contributions to the world and their issues. Katje of "Fierce Femme's Black Market," the person who proposed it, chose that date because it is exactly between International Men's Day and International Women's Day.[4][5]



In 2014, the social media site Facebook began to allow users to set their profiles as any of 56 genders, one of which was called "nonbinary."[7]

In 2017, in the USA, the state of California passed the 2017 Gender Recognition Act "to ensure that intersex, transgender, and nonbinary people have state-issued identification documents that provide full legal recognition of their accurate gender identity."[8][9]

In 2018, in the USA, Washington state began to allow "X" gender markers on official documents[10], with the law stating that
« "X" means a gender that is not exclusively male or female, including, but not limited to, intersex, agender, amalgagender, androgynous, bigender, demigender, female-to-male, genderfluid, genderqueer, male-to-female, neutrois, nonbinary, pangender, third sex, transgender, transsexual, Two Spirit, and unspecified.[11] »
Also in 2018, well-known cartoonist and songwriter Rebecca Sugar came out as a nonbinary woman.

その他の多数のジェンダーについては、list of nonbinary identitiesで読むことができます。


Table displaying the percentages of respondents sorted by their preferred word.[12]

The word enby (plural enbies, derived from "N.B.," the initialism of "non-binary") is a common noun meaning "nonbinary person." It was coined by Tumblr user vector (revolutionator) in 2013 as the nonbinary common noun equivalent of "boy" or "girl."[13][14][15] Due to that wording, some nonbinary people question whether it can also be used as a nonbinary common noun equivalent of "man" or "woman." The 2020 Gender Census shows that older nonbinary people less often call themselves enbies.[12]

Nonbinary identities

There is more information about this topic here: list of nonbinary identities

Some of the more common identities under the nonbinary umbrella include:

  • Androgyne (from Greek, meaning "man-woman")[19] and has been used for many kinds of people who don't fit into the gender binary. Even a century ago, some people who called themselves androgynes saw themselves as a mix of male and female.[16][20]
  • Bigender people feel they have two genders at the same time, or moving back and forth between them at different times.[16][21][17]
  • Genderfluid people move between different gender identities, and sometimes expressions, at different times.[22][17]
  • Gender neutral or neutrois can mean being genderless, or it can mean having a gender identity that is not female, not male, and not a mix, but simply neutral.[22][17]


メイン記事も参照: Notable nonbinary people

Nonbinary expression

There is not one right way to perform a nonbinary gender. Most nonbinary people are primarily motivated to do what feels comfortable and true to themselves, rather than attempting to follow any particular gender role. Whichever way any particular nonbinary person needs or chooses to present, express, or perform their gender is as valid as any other.


All of these are completely individual choices based on what any one nonbinary person personally feels they want to, need to, or must do in order to feel more comfortable and more like themselves.

Notable nonbinary people

Cartoonist Rebecca Sugar at the Peabody Awards in 2019.


There are many more notable people who have a gender identity outside of the binary. The following are only some of those notable people who specifically use the word "nonbinary" for themselves.

  • Olly Alexander, the lead singer and songwriter for electropop band Years and Years.[23]
  • Kate Bornstein, an influential writer on gender theory, publishing books on the subject from the 1990s to the present.[24]
  • Amandla Stenberg, a singer and actor who has won the BET Awards for YoungStar Award.[25][26]
  • Rebecca Sugar (a nonbinary woman) is a writer, songwriter, and artist whose work on the cartoon series Adventure Time and Steven Universe has earned her six Primetime Emmy Award nominations.[27]
  • Sam Smith, a renowned English singer, Grammy winner and nominee. They came out as non-binary and changed their pronouns to they/them in September of 2019.
  • Demi Lovato, an American singer, songwriter, and actor, came out as non-binary and changed their pronouns to they/them in May of 2021.[28]

Nonbinary characters in fiction

See main article: Nonbinary gender in fiction

There are many more characters in fiction who have a gender identity outside of the binary. The following are only some of those characters who are specifically called by the word "nonbinary," either in their canon, or by their creators.

  • Ben De Backer in I Wish You All The Best is nonbinary. (Their sister is accepting but the rest of the family isn't.)[29] The author, Mason Deaver, is also nonbinary.
  • Several characters in Crooked Words, an anthology by K.A. Cook.
  • The character Lark in Divided Worlds and The Ascension of Lark, by Jennifer Ridge
  • An Unkindness of Ghosts, by Rivers Solomon. The author has said of a character in the book, "Theo is a nonbinary trans woman. These are my interpretations, but arguments could certainly be made for other classifiers."[30]
  • First Spring Grass Fire, by Rae Spoon, tells the story of a nonbinary child growing up.
  • Lelia in The Lost Coast, by Amy Rose Capetta, is a nonbinary gray-asexual, and described as such in the text.
  • The 2019 YA book In the Silences has many characters who self-define as nonbinary, including the protagonist.[31]
  • Robot Hugs - semi-autobiographical webcomic by an author of nonbinary gender, which frequently addresses nonbinary issues and other aspects of gender politics. Also frequently covers the subject of mental health. Updates twice weekly.
  • Phoebe and her Unicorn by Dana Simpson has a nonbinary character named Infernus, the Unicorn of Death. Phoebe uses the pronoun "neigh" for Infernus.[32]
  • In John Wick 3, the Adjudicator is nonbinary and played by Asia Kate Dillon, who is also nonbinary.[33]
  • Bishop in the Fox drama series Deputy is nonbinary canonically, thanks to a suggestion by the character's actor Bex Taylor-Klaus who is also nonbinary.[34]
  • Couple-ish, a light-hearted rom-com webseries, features a nonbinary main character (Dee). Dee goes by they/them/their pronouns, and explicitly describes themselves as nonbinary in one episode.
  • Invader Zim, Jhonen Vasquez confirmed all irkens are neither male or female, stating "the only IRKEN gender is A55H0LE. all caps." [35]
  • Ana On The Edge, by a nonbinary author, tells the story of a teen named Ana who is navigating their gender.
  • “A Psalm for the Wild-Built” by Becky Chambers has a non-binary main character named Dex
  • The video game Outer Wilds primarily features a species called Hearthians, all members of which use they/them pronouns and present outside of strictly male or female. Physiologically, they are unisex.
  • In the Disney show "The Owl House" two characters are confirmed to be non-binary. A character called Masha, who clearly demonstrates that their pronouns are they/them and has their finger nails painted the non-binary colours, and a character called Raine Whispers who is always referred to as they/them.

See also


  1. This quote is a snippet from an answer to the survey conducted in the year 2018. Note for editors: the text of the quote, as well as the name, age and gender identity of its author shouldn't be changed.
  2. Gender Census 2018: The spelling question
  3. Darwin, Helana (2020). "Challenging the Cisgender/Transgender Binary: Nonbinary People and the Transgender Label". Gender & Society. 34 (3): 357–380. doi:10.1177/0891243220912256. ISSN 0891-2432.
  4. Katje (8 March 2012). "Calling for an International Non-Binary Gender Day". Fierce Femme's Black Market. Retrieved 30 March 2020. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |dead-url= (help)
  5. Mathers, Charlie (13 July 2018). "Prepare for International Non-binary Day by learning how to be a better ally". Gay Star News. Retrieved 30 March 2020. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |dead-url= (help)
  6. Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
  7. Eve Shapiro, Gender circuits: Bodies and identities in a technological age. Unpaged.
  8. Bermudez, Nadia P. (November 8, 2017). "California's Gender Recognition Act and Impact on Employers - Klinedinst". Klinedinst Attorneys. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  9. Transgender Law Center (2018). "Fact Sheet: California's Gender Recognition Act (SB 179)". Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  10. Jackman, Josh (5 January 2018). "Washington to recognise third gender in groundbreaking move". PinkNews. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  11. "WAC 246-490-075: Changing sex designation on a birth certificate". Washington State Legislature. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Cassolotl (15 June 2020). "On "enby" and age". Gender Census. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  13. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named enby cassolotl
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named enby revolutionator
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named enby archeart
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 611.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 "Gender Census 2019 - The Worldwide tl;dr." Gender Census (blog). March 31, 2019. Retrieved July 7, 2020. https://gendercensus.com/post/183843963445/gender-census-2019-the-worldwide-tldr Archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20200118084451/https://gendercensus.com/post/183843963445/gender-census-2019-the-worldwide-tldr
  18. Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 617.
  19. "Androgyne." Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved July 5, 2020. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/androgyne
  20. Katz, Jonathan Ned. "Transgender Memoir of 1921 Found". Humanities and Social Sciences Online. N.p., 10 October 2010. Web. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  21. Schneider, M., et al, American Psychological Association, APA Task Force on Gender Identity, Gender Variance, and Intersex Conditions, 2008 Answers to Your Questions About Transgender People, Gender Identity, And Gender Expression (PDF), date unknown, captured April 2016.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Laura Erickson-Schroth, ed. Trans Bodies, Trans Selves: A Resource for the Transgender Community. Oxford University Press, 2014. P. 614.
  23. Years & Years: Inspiring - #PlessPlayForPride Spotify, June 7 2016
  24. Retrieved November 11, 2019. http://katebornstein.com
  25. hi folks, @dazedfields and I are organizing a workshop on feminism, amandla.tumblr.com, March 2, 2016
  26. Hunger Games actress says she 'doesn't feel like a woman all the time', Gay Star News, March 4, 2016
  27. https://io9.gizmodo.com/steven-universes-rebecca-sugar-on-how-she-expresses-her-1827624015?IR=T
  28. https://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-49688123
  29. Kontis, Alethea (1 June 2019). "A Nonbinary Teen Makes Their Way In The World In 'I Wish You All The Best'". NPR.org. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  30. Falck, Alex (10 October 2018). "An Interview with Author Rivers Solomon". Archived from the original on 25 June 2019.
  31. Roberts, Ann (2019). In the Silences. Bella Books. ISBN 9781642471267.
  32. Phoebe and Her Unicorn by Dana Simpson for February 09, 2019
  33. "Asia Kate Dillon suggested their John Wick 3 character be non-binary", Pink News, 27 May 2019.
  34. Bentley, Jean (14 February 2020). "Bex Taylor-Klaus Hopes Their Nonbinary 'Deputy' Character Will Save Lives". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  35. "Tweet from Jhonen Vasquez".